Comprehensive Vision Care | Routine Eye Exams

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Comprehensive Vision Care | Routine Eye Exams

Comprehensive Vision Care | Routine Eye Exams

Comprehensive vision care | Whitten Laser Eye

The phoropter measures your eye prescription.

Both Dr. Mark Whitten and Dr. Shilpa Rose are board certified ophthalmologists offering comprehensive vision care.  Our offices are located in Chevy Chase, Md, Richmond, Va. and Charlotte Hall, Md.

Comprehensive vision care involves a variety of tests and procedures to complete a thorough examination of your eyes.  During your visit, we will be evaluating you for:

Below is a limited review of some of the testing we perform at Whitten Laser Eye.  Your exam will likely last 1-2 hours and may include dilation of your pupils.

Visual Acuity Testing

Reading the eye chart is one of the first tests we will perform.  Your visual acuity, how well you see with or without glasses, can give us an idea if you need prescription lenses.


This is the actual determination of your eyeglass prescription.  Using a phoropter and retinoscope, we can accurately measure your degree of nearsightedness, farsightedness and determine any degree of astigmatism.

Refraction is an important part of any comprehensive eye examination as it can be an early indication of a variety of eye diseases, such as:  diabetes, cataract, dry eye or keratoconus.

Ocular Motility

Ocular motility assesses eye movements.  Do your eyes move together?  We use several methods to assess proper ocular motility.  Strabismus is a common childhood motility problem, but misalignment can occur in adults as well.  

Patients with thyroid disease or orbital trauma can often have ocular motility problems.

Glaucoma Testing

Eye pressure is a risk factor for the development of glaucoma.  We routinely assess your eye pressure during your exam by “applanation.”  Applanation, as opposed to an air puff, is a direct and very accurate measurement of your eye pressure taken with a blue light and a special dye.  There is no “puff.”

Increased eye pressure may be the first sign of glaucoma.  Other risk factors include:

  • Family history of glaucoma
  • Race
  • Eye pressure
  • Changes in visual field
  • Appearance of your optic nerve
  • Aberrations in nerve fibers of your retina

Slit Lamp Examination

Using a slit lamp is routine for all eye doctors.  This is a specialized binocular microscope which allows us to examine the eye and its structures under high magnification.  The slit lamp examination, in conjunction with pupil dilation,  allows your eye doctor to examine all the structures of the eye.

The slit lamp examination is integral for examination of:

  • Tear film – any evidence of dry eye?
  • Lids and lid margins – blepharitis, meibomitis are common
  • Cornea – corneal scars/corneal infections can decrease vision
  • Lens – cataracts are easily diagnosed with the slit lamp
  • Vitreous – bleeding, infection, floaters are easily seen with your eyes dilated
  • Optic nerve – evidence of glaucoma may first show up here
  • Retina – bleeding, retinal tears can be detected when your pupils are dilated

Meibomian Gland Dysfunction and Dry Eye

We are one of the few medical centers offering hi-resolution evaluation and detection of meibomian gland dysfunction (MGD) using LipiScan.  We have had tremendous success treating meibomian gland dysfunction with LipiFlow – an office based treatment for dry eye due to MGD.

Vision Correction and Refractive Surgery

During your examination we can address any concerns and questions you might have about a variety of vision correction procedures, such as:

  • Cataracts
  • Dry eye
  • Raindrop Near Vision Inlay
  • Symfony IOL
  • Premium IOL for cataract surgery

Want to make an appointment?  Call us to make your appointment (301.825.5755).

Shilpa Rose, M.D.
Vision Correction & Dry Eye Specialist

Mark Whitten, M.D.
Vision Correction Surgeon
LASIK & Cataract

The material contained on this site is for informational purposes only and is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health care provider. 

These are surgical procedures and results may vary. While infrequent, complications can occur. Before your procedure, you will read an Informed Consent document which discusses potential complications and risks. Dr. Whitten will thoroughly review this information with you and answer your questions.



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